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Timothy Pollock



VC Reputation Index


Press Coverage

Personal Interests








Listed below you will find information about my publications as well as abstracts of my current working papers. A downloadable version of my complete curriculum vitae is also available in Adobe Acrobat format. If you have any questions about my work, please contact me at Thank you for your interest.


Refereed Publications

Lashley, K. & Pollock, T.G. Waiting to inhale: Removing Stigma in the medical cannabis industry. Administrative Science Quarterly, Forthcoming. Full Text PDF.

Paruchuri, S., Pollock, T.G. & Kumar, N. On the tip of the brain: Understanding when negative reputational events can have positive reputation spillovers, and for how long. Strategic Management Journal, Forthcoming. Full Text PDF.

Pollock, T.G., Lashley, K., Rindova, V.P. & Han, J-H. 2019. Which of these things are not like the others? Comparing the rational, emotional and moral aspects of reputation, status, celebrity and stigma. Academy of Management Annals, 13(2): 444-478. Full Text PDF.

Gomulya, D., Jin, K. Lee, P.M. & Pollock, T.G. 2019. Crossed Wires: Endorsement signals and the effects of IPO firm delistings on venture capitalists’ reputations. Academy of Management Journal,62(3): 641-666. Full Text PDF.

Hubbard, T., Pollock, T.G., Pfarrer, M.D. & Rindova, V.P. 2018. Safe bets or hot hands? How status and celebrity influence strategic alliance formations of newly-public firms. Academy of Management Journal, 61(5): 1976-1999. Full Text PDF. AOM Insights Summary.

Lovelace, J., Bundy, J., Hambrick, D.C. & Pollock, T.G. 2018. The shackles of celebrity: How star CEOs’ socio-cognitive and behavioral constraints affect firm performance. Academy of Management Review, 43(3): 419-444. Full Text PDF. AOM Insights Summary.

Chaterjee, A. & Pollock, T.G. 2017. Master of puppets: How narcissistic CEOs construct their professional worlds. Academy of Management Review, 42(4): 703-725. Full Text PDF. AOM Insights Summary.

Pollock, T.G., Lee, P.M., Jin, K. & Lashley, K. 2015. (Un)Tangled: Exploring the asymmetric co-evolution of VC firm reputation and status. Administrative Science Quarterly, 60(3): 482-517.Full Text PDF. ASQ Blog Interview

Acharya, A.G. & Pollock, T.G. 2013. Shoot for the stars? Predicting the recruitment of prestigious directors by newly public firms. Academy of Management Journal, 56(5), 1396-1419. Full Text PDF.

Boivie, S., Graffin, S.D. & Pollock, T.G. 2012. Time for me to fly: Predicting director exits from large firms. Academy of Management Journal, 55(6): 1334-1359. Full Text PDF.

Lee, P.M., Pollock, T.G. & Jin, K. 2011. The contingent value of venture capitalist reputation. Strategic Organization, 9(1): 33-69. Full Text PDF.

Pfarrer, M.D., Pollock, T.G. & Rindova, V.P. 2010. A tale of two assets: The effects of firm reputation and celebrity on earnings surprises and investors' reactions. Academy of Management Journal, 53(5) 1131-1152. Full Text PDF. Winner, Oxford University Centre for Corporate Reputation Best Published Paper Award for 2010.

Mishina, Y., Dykes, B.J., Block, E.S. & Pollock, T.G. 2010. Why good firms do bad things: The effects of high aspirations, high expectations and prominence on the incidence of corporate illegality. Academy of Management Journal, 53(4): 701-722. Full Text PDF. Video of me discussing the study. Finalist, Academy of Management Journal Best Paper Award for 2010.

Pollock, T.G., Chen, G., Jackson, E.M. & Hambrick, D.C. 2010. Just how much prestige is enough? Assessing the value of multiple types of high-status affiliates for young firms" Journal of Business Venturing, 25(1): 6-23. Full Text PDF.

Pollock, T.G., Fund, B.R. & Baker, T. 2009. Dance with the one that brought you? Venture capital firms and the retention of founder-CEOs. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 3: 199-217. Full Text PDF.

Chen, G., Hambrick, D.C. & Pollock, T.G. 2008. Puttin' on the ritz: Pre-IPO enlistment of prestigious affiliates as deadline-induced remediation. Academy of Management Journal, 51(5): 954-975. Full Text PDF.

Detert, J.R. & Pollock, T.G. 2008. Values, interests and the capacity to act: Understanding professionals' responses to market-based improvement initiatives in highly institutionalized organizations. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 44(2): 186-214. Full Text PDF.

Wade, J.B., Porac, J.F., Pollock, T.G. & Graffin, S.D. 2008. Star CEOs: Benefit or burden? Organizational Dynamics, 37(2): 203-210. Full Text PDF.

Pollock, T.G., Rindova, V.P. & Maggitti, P.G. 2008. Market Watch: Information and Availability Cascades in the U.S. IPO Market. Academy of Management Journal, 51(2): 335-358. Full Text PDF. Winner, 2009 AOM Entrepreneurship Division IDEA Award for best entrepreneurship research published in 2008.

Pollock, T.G. & Gulati, R. 2007. Standing out from the crowd: The visibility enhancing effects of IPO-related signals on alliance formations by entrepreneurial firms. Strategic Organization, 5(4): 339-372. Full Text PDF.

Wade, J.B., O'Reilly, C.A. & Pollock, T.G. 2006. Overpaid CEOs and underpaid managers: Fairness and executive compensation. Organization Science, 17(5): 527-544. Full Text PDF. Business Press coverage of the study

Wade, J.B., Porac, J.F., Pollock, T.G. & Graffin, S.D. 2006. The Burden of celebrity: The impact of CEO certification contests on CEO pay and performance. Academy of Management Journal, 49(4): 643-660. Full Text PDF. Business Press coverage of the study

Rindova, V.P., Pollock, T.G. & Hayward, M.L.A. 2006. Celebrity firms: The social construction of market popularity. Academy of Management Review, 31(1): 50-71. Full Text PDF. Business Press coverage of the study

Mishina, Y., Pollock, T.G. & Porac, J.F. 2004. Are more resources always better for growth? Resource stickiness in market and product expansion. Strategic Management Journal, 25: 1179-1197. Full Text PDF

Pollock, T.G. 2004. The benefits and costs of underwriters' social capital in the U.S. IPO market. Strategic Organization, 2(4): 357-388. Full Text PDF

Fischer, H.M. & Pollock, T.G. 2004. Effects of social capital and power on surviving transformational change: The case of initial public offerings. Academy of Management Journal, 47: 463-481. Full Text PDF

Hayward, M.L.A. Rindova, V.P. & Pollock, T.G. 2004. Believing one's own press: The antecedents and consequences of chief executive officer celebrity. Strategic Management Journal, 25(7): 637-653. Full Text PDF. Business Press coverage of the study

Pollock, T.G., Porac, J.F. & Wade, J.B. 2004. Constructing deal networks: brokers as network ‘architects’ in the U.S. IPO market and other examples. Academy of Management Review, 29(1): 50-72. Full Text PDF

Pollock, T.G. & Rindova, V.P. 2003. Media legitimation effects in the market for initial public offerings. Academy of Management Journal. 46(5): 631-642. Full Text PDF. Business Press coverage of the study. Reprinted in Strategies for New Venture Development, edited by Ari Ginsberg, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010.

Carpenter, M.A., Pollock, T.G. & Leary, M.M. 2003. Governance, the experience of principals and agents, and global strategic intent: Testing a model of reasoned risk taking. Strategic Management Journal, 24: 803-820. Full Text PDF. Reprinted in International Entrepreneurship, edited by Benjamin M. Oviatt and Patricia P. McDougal, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2007.

Pollock, T.G., Fischer, H.M. & Wade, J.B. 2002. The role of power and politics in the repricing of executive options. Academy of Management Journal, 45: 1172-1182. Full Text PDFBusiness Press coverage of the study

Pollock, T.G., Whitbred, R.C. & Contractor, N. 2000. Social information processing and job characteristics: A test and integration of two theories with implications for job satisfaction." Human Communication Research, 26(2), 292-330. Full Text PDF

Thomas, H. & Pollock, T.G. 1999. From I-O economics’ S-C-P paradigm through strategic groups to competence-based competition: Reflections on the puzzle of competitive strategy. British Journal of Management, 10(2), 127-140.   Full Text PDF. Reprinted in Corporate Strategy (Vol. 1), edited by Jeffrey A. Krug, Sage Publishing, 2009.

Porac, J.F., Wade, J.B. & Pollock, T.G. 1999. Industry categorizations and the politics of the comparable firm in CEO compensation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44(1), 112-144. Full Text PDF

Thomas, H., Pollock, T. & Gorman, P. 1999. Global strategic analysis: Frameworks and approaches. Academy of Management Executive, 13(1), 70-82. Full Text PDF

Wade, J.B., Porac, J.F. & Pollock, T.G. 1997. Worth, words and the justification of executive pay. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18, 641-664.  Full Text PDF

Wade, J.B., Porac, J.F., Pollock, T.G. & Meindl, J. 1997. Hitch your wagon to a CEO star? Testing two views about the pay, reputation and performance of top executives. Corporate Reputation Review,1:1-2, 103-107.  Full Text PDF

Invited Publications

Pollock, T.G. & Bono, J.E. 2013. From the Editors – Being Scheherazade: The importance of storytelling in academic writing. Academy of Management Journal, 56(3): 629-634. Full Text PDF.

Barnett, M.L. & Pollock, T.G. 2012. Building and maintaining a strong corporate reputation: A broad look at a core issue. European Financial Review, August/September: 6-9. Full Text PDF.

Grant, A.M. & Pollock, T.G. 2011. From the Editors - Publishing in AMJ - Part 3: Setting the hook. Academy of Management Journal, 54(5): 873-879. Full Text PDF.

Baker, T. & Pollock, T.G. 2007. Making the marriage work: The benefits for strategic organization from strategy's takeover of entrepreneurship. Strategic Organization, 5(3): 297-312. Full Text PDF.



Barnett, M.L. & Pollock, T.G. (co-editors) 2015. Corporate Reputation: Critical Perspectives on Business and Management. Oxford, UK: Taylor and Francis. Introduction Chapter PDF.

Barnett, M.L. & Pollock, T.G. (co-editors) 2012. The Oxford Handbook of Corporate Reputation. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Winner, 2013 Bright Idea Award from Seton Hall University and the New Jersey Policy Research Organization. Introduction Chapter PDF. Book Reviews in Administrative Science Quarterly and Organization Studies.

Book Chapters

Pollock, T.G., Mishina, Y. & Seo, Y. 2016. “Falling stars: Celebrity, infamy, and the fall from (and return to) grace. In D. Palmer, R. Greenwood & K. Smith-Crowe (eds.) Organizational Wrongdoing. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press: 235-269. Full Text PDF

Pollock, T.G. & Lashley, K. 2014. Who needs a shrink when you have BusinessWeek? Using content analysis to get inside the heads of Entrepreneurs, VCs and other market participants. In T. Baker and F. Welter (Eds.) The Routledge Companion to Entrepreneurship. Oxford, UK: Routledge: 423-438. Full Text PDF

Baker, Pollock, T.G. & Sapienza, H.J. 2013. Winning an unfair game: How a resource-constrained player uses bricolage to maneuver in a highly institutionalized field. In, A. Corbett & J. Katz (Eds.) Advances in Entrepreneurship, Firm Emergence and Growth, 15. London, UK: Emerald Publishing: 1-41. Full Text PDF

Fund, B.R., Pollock, T.G., Baker, T. & Wowak, A. 2008. Who's the new kid? The process of becoming central in venture capitalist deal networks. In J.A.C. Baum & T.J. Rowley (Eds.) Advances in Strategic Management, 25. London, UK: Emerald Publishing: 563-593. Full Text PDF

Porac, J.F., Mishina, Y. & Pollock, T.G. 2002. Entrepreneurial narratives and the dominant logics of high growth firms. in Anne Huff & Mark Jenkins (Eds.) Mapping Strategic Knowledge, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage: 112-136. Full Text PDF


Conference Proceedings

Lashley, K., Pollock, T.G. & Misangyi, V. 2016. Weed, words and winning: Entrepreneurial storytelling in a stigmatized industry. Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research BCERC Proceedings.

Hubbard, T.D., Pollock, T.G., Pfarrer, M.D. & Rindova, V.P. 2016. Pump up the volume: The effects of celebrity and status on newly-public firms’ access to resources. Best Papers Proceedings, Academy of Management Annual Meeting, OMT Division. Full Text PDF

Pollock, T.G., Lee, P.M., Jin, K. & Lashley, K. 2014. Chicken or egg: Exploring the co-evolution of VC firm reputation and status. Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research BCERC Proceedings.

Pollock, T.G., Lee, P.M., Jin, K. & Lashley, K. 2014. Chicken or egg: Exploring the co-evolution of VC firm reputation and status. Best Papers Proceedings, Academy of Management Annual Meeting, OMT Division.

Mishina, Y., Pollock, T.G. & Bragaw, N.A. 2012. Know when to hold 'em, know when to fold 'em? Differentiating between loss aversion and the house money effect in CEO reactions to firm performance. Best Papers Proceedings, Academy of Management Annual Meeting, OMT Division.

Lee, P.M., Pollock, T.G. & Jin, K. 2007. Substance, symbolism and the 'signal strength' of venture capitalist prestige. Best Papers Proceedings, Academy of Management Annual Meeting, BPS Divsion. Full Text PDF

Pollock, T.G., & Baker, T. 2005. Who's minding the store? Venture capitalist styles and the replacement of founder-CEOs. The Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, Proceedings of the Babson/Kauffman Entrepreneurship Research Conference, 403-415.

Pollock, T.G., Gulati, R. & Sadler, A. 2002. Relational and market-based legitimation of internet IPOs. Best Papers Proceedings, Academy of Management Annual Meeting, BPS Division11-16. Full Text PDF

Working Paper Abstracts

Lashley, K. & Pollock, T.G. "Dancing with giants: How small, women- and minority-owned firms manage asymmetric relationships with large partners" Under Third Review at Organization Science

Abstract: We explore how low power firms manage asymmetric relationships with larger, more powerful partners in the context of supplier diversity relationships, where minority- and women-owned suppliers must manage the opportunities and challenges that they encounter as they work with much larger buyers. We find these easily substitutable firms use a variety of information sources to identify and make themselves cognitively central to different individuals inside and outside the buyer organization who can serve as function and political brokers, and create various brokerage configurations to create soft power that ultimately secures their positions in the supply chain. Our study contributes to the literatures on the use of “soft power” by low power firms, and the literature on supplier diversity.

Acharya, A.G. & Pollock, T.G. "Too many peas in a pod? How overlaps in directors' status characteristics influence the likelihood of director exit in newly public firms" Second Revise and Resubmit at Academy of Management Journal

Abstract: Why do directors exit boards? Drawing on status characteristics theory, we offer a novel explanation of director exits based on boards’ social structures. We argue that directors’ shared specific status characteristics—their global status homogeneity, and their overlaps in tenure and expertise—affect the clarity and stability of the board’s status hierarchy, which can influence the likelihood a director will exit the board. Using data on the five years following the initial public offerings (IPOs) of 218 firms that went public between 2001 and 2005, we find that while overlaps in directors’ tenure and expertise increase the likelihood of director exit, directors’ global status homogeneity decreases the likelihood of director exit. However these relationships are nuanced; the combinations of directors’ shared specific status characteristics act as important contingency factors making the positive or negative effects of board’s global status homogeneity more salient, leading to different effects on director exit.

Han, J-H & Pollock, T.G. “The two towers (or somewhere in between): The behavioral consequences of positional inconsistency across multiple status hierarchies in Hollywood” Revise and Resubmit at Academy of Management Journal

Abstract: In this study we offer a theoretical basis for conceptualizing multiple status hierarchies and examine how actors react to the inconsistency across their status positions in multiple hierarchies. Viewing status hierarchies as stemming from the intersubjective agreement in a field about what is valued, we argue that pluralistic value systems create multiple status conferral mechanisms in different hierarchies and accord unequal status to the hierarchies themselves. Revisiting the sociological literature on status inconsistency, we suggest that actors’ status positions and their status inconsistency within and across hierarchies will affect their likelihood of engaging in activities aimed at boosting their lagging status. we consider actor’s embeddedness as a contextual factor that constrains behavioral reactions to status inconsistency and facilitates cognitive adjustment to status quo. Using the artistic and commercial status of the Hollywood actors/actresses, we found that status inconsistency leads them to choose films that could potentially raise their lagging status. Moreover, while high-status performers were in general likely to stick to their routines, they were also more reactive to status inconsistency. Also, embeddedness limited their choice of films. Lastly, the strength of the hypothesized effects differed according to the relative prestige of the two status hierarchies.

Han, J-H & Pollock, T.G. “Eyes wide shut: The competing effects of information availability and visibility enhancement on post-IPO media coverage”

Abstract: Building on the literature on media behavior, we examine the differential effects of cumulative attention—availability cascades—and dramatic events or prominent affiliations—visibility enhancements—on receiving media coverage. Specifically, we argue visibility-enhancing factors have a chronic priming effect that overwhelms availability cascade dynamics, due to their higher saliency to the media. However, when it comes to evaluative judgments, we argue that only dramatic events will have a priming effect, and prominent affiliations will not affect evaluation-based availability cascades. Discrete-time event history analyses on the post-IPO media coverage of 225 initial public offerings supports our arguments.

Pollock, T.G., Baker, T. & Sapienza, H.J. "Piecing it togeher: Achieving competitiveness via human capital bricolage"

Abstract: We introduce and develop the concept and primary dimensions of human capital bricolage and explain why new firms commonly engage in this practice and what they must do to manage it effectively. We theorize core dimensions of human capital bricolage and show that if managed in a way to elicit cooperation from employees it can be a driver of sustained competitiveness. Our arguments provide the basis for a broader conceptualization of entrepreneurial strategy than is common in the research literature and provide a better fit with empirical evidence regarding entrepreneurs’ varied goals and motivations.

Seo, Y. & Pollock, T.G. ““Who, are you? Who, who? Media reactions to category-straddling acquisitions in the food processing industry”

Abstract: Using a unique dataset of food processing industry acquisitions from 2007 to 2012, I draw on the image, categorization and impression management literatures to examine whether firms can buy an image by acquiring firms that possess the image they desire. The results suggest that the wider the image gap between the acquirer and target, the worse the image of the acquirer will be after the acquisition. In order to mitigate potential negative reactions and/or facilitate positive reactions by the media, organizational leaders can engage in multiple anticipatory impression management tactics, but the effectiveness of these tactics depends on the image that the target possesses, in some cases leading the impression management tactics to backfire. I derive implications for research about firms that plan to change their image a result of emerging new businesses that emphasize their social strength, as well as broader theoretical implications for the literatures on image, categorization and impression management.

Mishina, Y., Pollock, T.G. & Bragaw, N.A. Know when to hold 'em, know when to fold 'em? Differentiating between loss aversion and the house money effect in CEO reactions to firm performance

Abstract: This study attempts to differentiate between the effects of loss aversion and the house money effect on CEO decision making by examining the effects of performance relative to aspirations on the CEO’s compensation mix, and whether these effects are influenced by the firm’s prominence. We find more general support for the predictions based on the house money effect than those based on loss aversion. Further, the prominence of the firm appears to decrease the percentage of cash compensation in the mix when performance is below aspirations.


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